Interim Orders – Brief Overview

Interim Orders temporarily suspend or restrict a medical practitioner’s practice while their case is being investigated.  Interim order cases may include, for example, cases of serious lack of competence or poor clinical practice, serious convictions or imprisonment, and serious illness.

Interim Orders are generally made at the beginning of the case process. Investigations will continue while an interim order is in place. However, interim orders can be made at any time throughout the process if needed.

Interim Orders Tribunals (IOT) can impose the following orders:

  • Interim conditions of practice orders; or
  • Interim suspension order.

An interim order lasts for a maximum of 18 months at any one time, subject to rights of appeal.

Applications for Extensions

In circumstances where an interim order is ending and the fitness to practise investigation has not been concluded, a healthcare regulator can apply to the High Court or, the Court of Session in Scotland, to extend the interim order.

The Court can extend the interim order for up to 12 months at a time. The Court also has the power to substitute an interim conditions of practice order for an interim suspension order or the other way around if necessary.

‘Justify the prolongation of the suspension’

There is a well-developed body of case law on the issue of applications for interim order extensions.

In the case of GMC v Hiew, considered the authority for the proposition of the matters to be taken into account on an application to the court for the continuation of a suspension order, it was commented that the court should carefully consider the facts of each case “to ascertain whether the allegations made against the medical practitioner, rather than their truth or falsity, justify the prolongation of the suspension” and that “in general, it need not look beyond the allegations.”

In another recent case, GMC v M [2022] CSOH 25, the Court highlighted several important points regarding applications for extensions to interim orders:

  • The healthcare regulator must have evidence to advance in support of their application for an extension;
  • The factual circumstances, on its merits, must be considered in relation to the correct legal test; and
  • there must be clear evidence showing evaluation relating to the proportionality of any extension.

Courts considering applications for interim order extensions have been rather critical of healthcare regulator’s delays in concluding investigations, stressing the need for regulators to be proactive in ensuring that when a substantive hearing overruns, the resumed hearing is arranged within a reasonable period of time.

Right to Respond and Challenge

Healthcare professionals have a right to respond to applications for interim order extensions, although many do not.

Courts considering interim order extension applications do take a careful approach to ensure the prolongation of the suspension or practice restrictions is necessary and proportionate.  This approach includes a careful assessment of all the facts and information, including evidence and representation from the healthcare professional.

In fact, in the case of GMC v Webberley [2021] EWHC 3620 (Admin), the court went so far as to say that the GMC had a “duty of candour” to bring before the Court:

“not only the underlying factors that led to the proceedings against the doctor in the first place, but also material relied upon by the doctor in defence of that allegation, in particular where that material has been adduced before a Fitness to Practise Tribunal and should include reference to the fact that allegations have not been pursued…”

Suspension orders or practice restrictions can have a negative impact on a healthcare professional’s reputation and current or future employment prospects.  Healthcare professionals should therefore seriously consider their position and response to extension applications made by their regulator.

Kings View Barristers

With over 30 years combined experience, Kings View Chambers have established itself as one of the best when it comes to fitness to practise defence.  We fully understand that fitness to practise defence is not merely about processes and procedures.  We also understand that we are working with people who are anxious and worried about what investigations might mean for them, their professions and the reputations.

We are proud to be rated ‘excellent’ by our clients.  Our commitment to client care is genuine in both seeking the very best outcomes for our clients, but also ensuring we do what we can to support them through the process.

Contact us today for a no obligation and free telephone consultation about your case in the knowledge that you are speaking to one of the best in the business.

Disclaimer: This article is for guidance purposes only. Kings View Chambers accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever for any action taken, or not taken, in relation to this article. You should seek the appropriate legal advice having regard to your own particular circumstances.

Stephen McCaffrey

I am a HCPC Defence Barrister who has represented a large number of health and care professionals before the HCPC and other regulatory bodies in either first instance proceedings or appeals. 

I can help with all matters relating to HCPC Fitness to Practise referrals issues including:

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  • Interim Orders Hearings
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